The Vice presidential nominees tussled over Syria at a debate in Virginia. The public has known since the primaries that Clinton and Kaine favor a no-fly zone over Syria. That seems pretty dangerous to me. I understand that Assad and Russia are committing horrible crimes against the Syrian people, but let's wait until IS and Al-Nusra are defeated before we consider impeding their ability to drop bombs. Governor Pence's idea came as a surprise to everyone watching. It goes further than what his running mate has publicly proposed, but that hardly matters since the evidence shows that in a Trump "presidency" Pence would be the one actually calling the shots in our government. Mike Pence Voiced support for "Safe Zones" within Syria where Syrians fleeing the war would be safe from Daesh, Assad, and Russia. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has floated the idea as a way to slow the flow of refugees into Europe. Would this be any better than a no-fly zone? Let's delve into it a little further. Establishing these safe zones would require ground troops. Even if all outside threats could be eliminated using air power, there would still need to be boots on the ground to maintain the rule of law. Who would these troops be? UN peacekeepers? The UN is regarding the safe zones proposal with skepticism after a disastrous 1990's experience protecting a buffer zone in Bosnia. Americans? We're not ready to have our ground troops play a central role in another Middle Eastern war. Perhaps Turkey would provide the troops needed. Turkey, a NATO ally in the Middle East, facing a flood of refugees, has been negotiating with the US in an attempt to establish safe zones. Turkey is much more democratic than other majority Muslim states in the Middle East, but still has concerning human rights issues. Especially under President Erdogan. Erdogan could use the safe zones as an excuse to attack Kurdish forces, thus strengthening IS and Assad. And what of the Kurds in the safe zones? Turkey's civil war with the PKK could cause tension between Turkish forces and Kurdish refugees. This operation would be a tremendous violation of Syrian sovereignty. There are no easy answers. Only dangerous ones.